By Eric Ennifar
This quantity comprises finished and up to date assurance of all nucleic-acid-specific steps utilized in X-ray crystallography, from macromolecule creation to constitution choice. Chapters devoted to RNA guidance and crystallogenesis might be of curiosity to newcomers, whereas chapters fascinated by facts assortment, phasing and refinement might be rather beneficial to researchers with a better point of workmanship. a number of practical case reviews also are offered within the final a part of the e-book. Written within the hugely winning Methods in Molecular Biology series structure, chapters comprise introductions to their respective issues, lists of the required fabrics and reagents, step by step, with no trouble reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips about troubleshooting and heading off identified pitfalls.
Authoritative and thorough, Nucleic Acid Crystallography: Methods and Protocols presents protocols which are geared toward either researchers and scholars who're drawn to the structural biology of DNA or RNA, by myself or in advanced with proteins or ligands.
By Gale Rhodes
Crystallography Made Crystal transparent is designed to satisfy the necessity for an X-ray research that's among short textbook sections and whole remedies. The booklet offers non-crystallographers with an intellectually pleasing rationalization of the foundations of ways protein types are gleaned from X-ray research. the knowledge of those innovations will foster clever use of the types, together with the popularity of the strengths and weaknesses of images or special effects. due to the fact that proteins include the vast majority of the mass of macromolecules in cells and perform biologically very important initiatives, the ebook can be of curiosity to biologists.
Provides available descriptions of ideas of x-ray crystallography, outfitted on basic foundations for a person with a easy technology background
Leads the reader via transparent, thorough, unintimidating causes of the math at the back of crystallography
Explains the right way to learn crystallography papers in examine journals
If you employ computer-generated versions of proteins or nucleic acids for:
Studying molecular interactions
Designing ligands, inhibitors, or drugs
Engineering new protein functions
Interpreting chemical, kinetic, thermodynamic, or spectroscopic data
Studying protein folding
Teaching macromolecule structure,and so one can learn new constitution papers intelligently; turn into a better person of macromolecular versions; and wish to introduce undergraduates to the $64000 topic of x-ray crystallography, then this ebook is for you
By Dimo Kashchiev
This ebook represents a close and systematic account of the elemental ideas, advancements and functions of the idea of nucleation.The formation of latest levels starts off with the method of nucleation and is, hence, a commonly unfold phenomenon in either nature and know-how. Condensation and evaporation, crystal progress, electrodeposition, soften crystallization, development of skinny movies for microelectronics, volcano eruption and formation of particulate topic in area are just many of the methods during which nucleation performs a sought after function. The publication has 4 components, that are dedicated to the thermodynamics of nucleation, the kinetics of nucleation, the impression of varied components on nucleation and the applying of the speculation to different methods, which contain nucleation. the 1st elements describe intimately the 2 easy techniques in nucleation conception - the thermodynamic and the kinetic ones. They comprise derivations of the elemental and most vital formulae of the speculation and talk about their barriers and probabilities for development. The 3rd half bargains with the various elements which may have an effect on nucleation and is a ordinary continuation of the 1st chapters. The final half is dedicated to the appliance of the speculation to procedures of functional value akin to soften crystallization and polymorphic transformation, crystal progress and development of skinny good motion pictures, dimension distribution of droplets and crystallites in condensation and crystallization. The publication is not only an account of the established order in nucleation conception - during the ebook there are many new effects in addition to extensions and generalisations of latest ones.
By Boyan Mutaftschiev
Crystal progress and nucleation are taken care of within the really good literature in numerous methods reckoning on the self-discipline in query (physics, actual chemistry, chemical engineering) and at the theoretical methods (atomistic vs continuum process as regards crystal development, section vs chemical inspiration as regards nucleation). This booklet relates different methods to each other, giving choice to atomistic remedies via the tools of statistical thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. This unified method additionally enables an realizing of a few comparable phenomena of floor physics, reminiscent of adsorption, wetting and so forth. The ebook permits examine beginners and graduate scholars to get an perception into the physics of the phenomena and to interpret a number of the experimental results.
By Gopal S. Upadhyaya
"à fills a void with a lot wanted details in this subject."
, Pages viii-x
1 - Introduction
, Pages 1-6
2 - Crystal constitution and part Equilibria
, Pages 7-54
3 - creation of steel and Carbide Powders
, Pages 55-88
4 - Consolidation of Cemented Carbides
, Pages 89-137
5 - Sintering habit of Cemented Carbides
, Pages 138-165
6 - Microstructural elements of Cemented Carbides
, Pages 166-192
7 - Mechanical habit of Cemented Carbides
, Pages 193-226
8 - Magnetic Properties
, Pages 227-236
9 - put on and Erosion of Cemented Carbides
, Pages 237-248
10 - Thermal surprise Resistance
, Pages 249-253
11 - Corrosion and Oxidation of Cemented Carbides
, Pages 254-261
12 - becoming a member of of Cemented Carbides
, Pages 262-267
13 - trying out and caliber Control
, Pages 268-287
14 - type and purposes of Cemented Carbides
, Pages 288-308
15 - Coatings
, Pages 309-344
16 - high quality Grained and Functionally Graded Cemented Carbides
, Pages 345-368
17 - Reclamation of Cemented Carbides
, Pages 369-379
18 - Toxicity in Cemented Carbide Production
, Pages 380-384
, Pages 385-403
By Kurt Binder
The physics of glassy fabrics and disordered solids offers scholars with a space of research even more demanding than the physics of crystalline solids. Written by way of famous specialists within the box, this hugely readable publication tackles the topic with the coed firmly in brain, starting with a pedagogical creation to special strategies akin to percolation, fractals, spin glasses, and glasses. applying those strategies, the authors convey that such platforms percentage many universal elements that may be defined in the framework of statistical mechanics. The booklet is usually a vital typical textual content for researchers on amorphous fabrics, both obtainable for theorists and experimentalists.
By Uri Shmueli
This concise ebook is for chemists, fabric scientists, and physicists who take care of description of crystalline topic and the selection of its constitution, and wish to achieve extra realizing of the rules concerned. the most goal of the booklet is to introduce the reader to ideas of crystallographic symmetry, to debate a few conventional, in addition to smooth, experimental options, to formulate the section challenge of crystallography, and found in a few aspect the equipment for its oblique and direct answer that are fundamental for extra paintings. The booklet additionally comprises discussions of structure-factor information, of price for resolving space-group ambiguities, and atomic displacement parameters which shape an inseparable a part of the constitution. A dialogue of the refinement of structural parameters, traditional, limited and limited, concludes the ebook. Derivations are, so far as attainable, self contained and anyplace mathematical aspect may disrupt the road of reasoning the reader is stated certainly one of 4 appendices found in the booklet. The e-book is naturally necessary for college kids of crystallography at a graduate and top undergraduate point. No earlier direction on crystallography is a prerequisite for graduates within the above fields.
By Ted Janssen, Gervais Chapuis, Marc de Boissieu
Until eventually the Nineteen Seventies all fabrics studied consisted of periodic arrays of unit cells, or have been amorphous. within the final many years a brand new classification of good country topic, known as aperiodic crystals, has been chanced on. it's a lengthy variety ordered constitution, yet with out lattice periodicity. it really is present in quite a lot of fabrics: natural and anorganic compounds, minerals (including a considerable element of the earths crust), and metal alloys, below a variety of pressures and temperatures. a result of loss of periodicity the standard strategies for the learn of constitution and actual homes not paintings, and new options must be constructed. This e-book bargains with the characterisation of the constitution, the constitution decision and the research of the actual homes, specially dynamical and digital homes of aperiodic crystals. The remedy relies on an outline in an area with extra dimensions than 3, the so-called superspace. this permits us to generalise the normal crystallography and to seem in a different way on the dynamics. the 3 major periods of aperiodic crystals, modulated stages, incommensurate composites and quasicrystals are taken care of from a unified perspective, which stresses similarities of a few of the platforms. The ebook assumes as a prerequisite an information of the basic options of crystallography and the speculation of condensed topic, and covers the literature on the leading edge of the sector.
By Fedor I. Fedorov
The translation into English of Academician Fedorov's ex cellent treatise on elastic wave propagation in solids has come at an opportune time. His systematic exposition of all points of this box is such a lot lucid and simple. the writer has long gone to substantial pains to advance in his mathematical historical past a constant tensor framework which acts as a unifying motif via out a number of the features of the topic. in lots of respects his method will look really novel as his therapy introduces a number of options and parameters formerly surprising to the literature of the West. huge tables within the ultimate chapters illustrate the appliance of those rules to the exist ing physique of experimental info. The publication is either large and entire in al1 levels of the topic. employees within the fields of ultrasonic propagation and elastic homes will locate this treatise of serious curiosity and direct challenge. H. B. Huntington Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, ny November 1967 v Preface to the yankee version In getting ready this variation i've got corrected quite a few misprints and mistakes showing within the Russian variation, yet i've got additionally incorpo rated a few immense adjustments and additions, the latter representing a few effects I and my colleagues have lately acquired and pub_ lished in Russian journals. for instance, in part 32 i've got further a normal derivation of the equation for the seetion of the wave floor via a symmetry aircraft for cubic, hexagonal, tetragonal, and orthorhombic crystals.
By Thomas E. Creighton
The twenty-one chapters of this quantity current a finished description for chemists, biologists and scholars of the elemental actual and chemical phenomena that shape the foundation of molecular biology. themes comprise the elemental thermodynamic and kinetic homes of biochemical reactions in resolution; the actual homes of aqueous ideas, together with the hydrophobic influence; either person and cooperative noncovalent interactions among atoms and molecules; mass spectrometry; and radioactivity. tools for looking at the buildings of nucleic acids and proteins, together with microscopy, scanning probes, crystallography and NMR, are defined intimately. The interactions of macromolecules with radiation of assorted varieties are defined by way of the data that they yield. The hydrodynamic homes of proteins and nucleic acids in aqueous resolution and in molecular sieves are defined to give an explanation for centrifugation and electrophoresis. The interactions of macromolecules with different molecules in resolution and while connected to good helps are defined, explaining chromatography, blotting, affinity labeling, and cross-linking.
desk of Contents
Section 1. basics 1. Thermodynamics for Molecular Biology
2. Noncovalent Interactions among Atoms and Molecules
three. Aqueous recommendations
four. Kinetics: a quick evaluate
five. Isotopes and Radioactivity
6. Mass Spectrometry
Section 2. Visualizing Macromolecules 7. Scattering of Radiation through Molecules
eight. Microscopy and Scanning Probes
Section three. Spectroscopy 10. Absorption and Emission of sunshine
eleven. round Dichroism
12. Vibrational Spectroscopy
thirteen. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)
14. Electron Magnetic/Paramagnetic/Spin Resonance
Section four. delivery in answer 15. Hydrodynamics: activities of Molecules in resolution
sixteen. Sedimentation by means of Centrifugation
18. Molecular Sieves: Gel Filtration/Size Exclusion Chromatography
Section five. Interactions among Molecules 19. Ligand Binding
21. Interactions of Immobilized Macromolecules