By Christopher Sykes
First midland ebook version, 1973
Whoever reports the heritage of Israel and the center East, yet isn't really acquainted with C. Sykes' opus, misses much. Sykes is a smart historian, clever observer and lucid analyst; his paintings remains to be a lot suitable. His biography of Orde Wingate and Essays, including the Crossroads, can be obligatory readings at appropriate college departments.
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Additional resources for Crossroads to Israel, 1917-48
One of the interesting facts about the movements in Jerusalem is that within the broader Oriental ethnic group, they were confined to the lower working class. This group was composed of a disadvantaged sector of Oriental immigrants and included people in the productive age groups who did not work and were not looking for a job (statistically defined as "not in the labor force"), unemployed (who are statistically included in the labor force), and low-wage workers. The founders of the Black Panthers were unattached and delinquent youth, who formed a local street corner group (Bernstein, 1972).
Having a criminal record, many members of the group were not admitted to the army, and the others served for a short period. Describing the group Sa'adia Marciano, one of the leaders, said that they were Emergence of Urban Social Movements 41 unemployed, frustrated, and took drugs (Bernstein, 1972, p. 2). As Cohen writes: They were originally a neighborhood gang. There was an intense particularistic solidarity among their leaders which could not easily be extended to other groups; and other neighborhood groups, though essentially in agreement with the Panthers' goals, would not easily accept their leadership.
In the 1960s the four-story multifamily projects of Katamon Het and Tet were constructed, with the size of each flat ranging from 55 to 64 square meters. The different residential densities had an overwhelming affect on the future of the neighborhoods. Over the years many of the residents of the low-density group of estates have been able to enlarge their apartments by expanding over the garden lots, while no such opportunity existed for the residents of the multistory buildings. As a result, the poverty belt over the years experienced an internal stratification manifested in relatively advantaged and less advantaged housing projects.