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By E. Kraus

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A9, 899 (1974). 73. W. Van der Meer and G. Vertogen, J. Phys. (Paris) 40, Colloq. C3, C3-222 (1979). 74. W. W. Gray, J. Phys. (Paris) 37, Colloq. C3, C3-17 (1976). 75. A. M. A. A. Pikin, Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. ) 158A, 1-150 (1988). 76. D. G. S. M. Elashvili, Zhidkiye Kristally so Spiral'noi Strukturoi i ikh Ispol'sovanie Dlya Sistem Otobrazheniya Informatsii (Liquid Crystals with Helical Structure and their Application to Displays), Metsniereba, Tbilisi, 1988,93 pp.

Rev. (Sect. A, Phys. ) (edited by I. Khalatnikov), Vol. 12, Pt. 2, pp. 85-146. 5. D. Demus and L. Richter, Textures of Liquid Crystals, Verlag-Chemie, Weinheim, 1978. 6. G. H. de Jeu, Thermotropic Liquid Crystals, Fundamentals, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988. 7. M. A. F. V. Adomenas, Kristallografiya 27, 333 (1982). 8. R. E. C. W. Coodby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 1135 (1981). 9. R. O. l. D. W. Goodby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 173 (1982). 10. M. Cagnon and G. Durand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1418 (1980). 11.

This problem was the subject of a hot theoretical discussion [47,48]. One explanation is based on consideration of the molecular structure of the cholesteryl esters [47]. The steroid skeleton of the molecule is righttwisted, but a hydrocarbon chain is left-twisted and partially compensates for the helical power of the skeleton. In mixtures with nematics, the nematic molecules are aligned in parallel with the cholesteric molecules and reinforce the action of the hydrocarbon chains, resulting in a decrease and change of sign of the twist.

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