By ROBERT O. FREEDMAN
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Israel is a Jewish country in a Muslim center East. How can it continue to exist in that area? This ebook solutions this query through examining the hazards and threats that Israel faces at the present time. The ebook additionally highlights an immense part of Israel's power: the patience and the unity of its social cloth, which the writer sees because the key to his country's survival within the heart East.
Occupied through reminiscence explores the stories of the 1st Palestinian intifada. according to broad interviews with individuals of the "intifada generation," those that have been among 10 and 18 years outdated while the intifada begun in 1987, the e-book presents an in depth examine the intifada stories of standard Palestinians.
Few international locations were the point of interest of extra gigantic and carrying on with foreign cognizance and aroused extra controversy than Israel. conflict and the search for peace were dominant issues in Israel's heritage and feature affected all points of its nationwide and overseas scenario. regardless of this preoccupation with survival and safety, Israel has built-in thousands of disparate immigrants right into a unmarried Israeli inhabitants.
Among 1920 and 1922, hundreds and hundreds of participants of the Hashomer Hatzair formative years circulate left the defunct Habsburg Monarchy and sailed to Palestine, the place a small team of contributors of the flow demonstrated top Bitania, one of many groups that laid the root for Israel’s kibbutz circulation. Their social scan lasted purely 8 months, however it gave start to a strong fable between Jewish early life which mixed a narrative a couple of heroic Zionist deed, in keeping with the trope of tragedy, with a version for a brand new kind of group that promised at least a complete, absolute removal of all actual and psychological boundaries among remoted members and their fusion into one entity.
Additional info for Israel's First Fifty Years
11 One major positive step in this direction occurred on November 2, 1998, when Israel’s High Court of Justice ordered the Ministry of Religious Affairs to allow Reform and Conservative Jews to sit on the religious councils of Jerusalem, Haifa, Tel Aviv, Arad, and Kiryat Tivon.
Verbal displeasure among liberal American Jews has been accompanied by threats to reduce or cut off their contributions to the United Jewish Appeal (UJA), the channel for funds to the Jewish Agency for Israel. ”3 Instead, it planned to give $500,000 to local Jewish causes and earmarked the other $500,000 directly for Israeli projects that promoted Arab-Jewish understanding and religious pluralism. ” 32 | George E. 4 This action could no longer be dismissed as a unique and unrepresentative act by a community known for its liberal orientation and idiosyncratic tendencies, for the San Francisco federation already in 1987, during a previous American Jewish confrontation with Israel over tightening the rules for conversion, had shown its independence by diverting $100,000 of its funds to its own Israeli programs, sparking condemnation by the United Israel Appeal, the conduit of UJA funds to Israel.
During the height of the Cold War, it worked to counterbalance what could otherwise have been dangerously strong intervention from the Soviet Union. Thus, for example, during the Yom Kippur War of October 1973 the United States played a vital role in military resupply after a week of heavy fighting and serious losses had depleted Israel’s reserves of weapons and ammunition. Moreover, on October 24, 1973, when the Soviets threatened to deploy several airborne divisions to aid the surrounded Egyptian Third Army on the east side of the Suez Canal, the administration of President Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger reacted vigorously.