By Augusto Boal
«El ciudadano que desarrolla dentro de él al artista que es, aun sin saberlo, puede enfrentarse mejor a las industrias de l. a. palabra, del sonido y de l. a. imagen. El ciudadano que se deja ritualizar en l. a. obediencia se vuelve un ventrílocuo del pensamiento ajeno y un mimo de sus gestos.» Augusto Boal
«Actores somos todos nosotros, y ciudadano no es aquel que vive en sociedad: ¡es aquel que l. a. transforma!» Augusto Boal, Mensaje Internacional del Día Mundial del Teatro, 27 de marzo de 2009.
«Todos debemos hacer teatro para averiguar quiénes somos y descubrir quiénes podemos llegar a ser.» Augusto Boal
En La Estética del oprimido (2006), revisada y actualizada por el autor poco antes de su muerte en 2009, Boal fundamenta los principios de su célebre e influyente método –el Teatro del Oprimido– en una estética viva, que descubre en cada ciudadano a un artista y le exhorta a manifestar esa capacidad para rebelarse contra el lenguaje impuesto por los mecanismos del poder.
Augusto Boal estudió arte dramático en los angeles Universidad de Columbia (Nueva York). El Teatro Invisible, el Teatro Foro, el Teatro Legislativo, el Teatro Imagen fueron algunos de los frutos de su incansable exertions de experimentación e investigación en torno a un nuevo lenguaje escénico. En 2009, poco antes de su muerte en Rio, fue nombrado embajador mundial del teatro por los angeles UNESCO. Además de La Estética del oprimido, Alba ha publicado en esta colección sus obras Teatro del oprimido, Juegos para actores y no actores y El arco iris del deseo.
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Made the idea of the individual seem paradoxical ... for the production of knowledge could only make difference or idiosyncrasy appear as some kind of defect or fault. 41 It is for this human 'difference' and idiosyncrasy, of course, that the Mekon derides Dan Dare, and the Master sneers at the Doctor's 'predilection for the second-rate'. And it is this same 'human' idiosyncrasy which always defeats the mechanistically rational villains. It is precisely because Dare and the Doctor are fallible that the narrative grants them, as the Romantic discourse insisted, the possibility of being individual - and therefore the potential to defeat bureaucratic rationalism.
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