By Kevin M. Pantalone DO ECNU CCD, Stephen E. Jones PhD, Robert J. Weil, Amir H. Hamrahian
MRI Atlas of Pituitary Imaging specializes in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the imaging modality of selection for the evaluate of pituitary problems, because it presents a close anatomy of the pituitary gland and surrounding constructions, relatively the delicate tissues. A simple realizing and interpretation of MRI is critical for lots of clinicians open air of the sector of radiology, specially endocrinologists who might obtain constrained formal education in such parts.
This concise Atlas encompasses a short evaluation of the rules of magnetic resonance imaging after which reinforces those ideas by using a case-based method of evaluate a variety of pituitary pathologies. The Atlas serves as a powerful medical educating reduction for endocrinologists, radiologists, and neurosurgeons in education. It additionally serves as an outstanding reference for physicians who're at present in practice.
- Provides readers with an easy, visible strategy for the overview of pituitary images
- Features one hundred sixty high-resolution pictures of the most typical to the rarest of issues affecting the pituitary
- Serves an viewers of guys, citizens, and clinicians in endocrinology, radiology, neurosurgery, and a person excited by the multidisciplinary prognosis of pituitary disease
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A Abscess, pituitary, 40, 41f Adenoma. See Pituitary adenoma Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 2, 15 -dependent cyclic Cushing syndrome, 15À16 Anatomic variations, pituitary/sellar, 30À32, 30f, 31f Anatomy of normal pituitary gland, 2, 2f Aneurysm, 33À34, 33f Anterior pituitary gland, 2, 7, 26, 32, 45 T1-weighted sagittal image without contrast, 6f Antidiuretic hormone, 2 Apoplexy, 42À45, 44f hemorrhage, 42À45 infarction (non-hemorrhagic), 45 Arachnoid cyst, 18, 18f Atypical adenoma, 15, 15f B Blood appearance on T1-weighted imaging, 43 on T2-weighted imaging, 43 C Cavernous sinuses, 2, 10À11 invasion of, 13, 13f pituitary adenoma with, 13, 13f, 14f T1-weighted coronal image, 5f Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), 2À4 coronal T1-weighted image without contrast, 3f coronal T2-weighted image, 3f Chordoma, 22À23, 22f, 23f Clivus T1-weighted sagittal image without contrast, 6, 6f, 23 Computed tomography (CT) of sella, 1, 22, 47À48, 47f Coronal T1-weighted image without contrast, 3f, 5f Coronal T2-weighted image, 3f Craniopharyngioma, 26À27, 26f, 27f, 48f CT sella, 47À48, 47f Cystic lesions, 17À20 arachnoid cyst, 18, 18f dermoid cyst, 19À20, 19f epidermoid cyst, 19À20, 20f Rathke cleft cyst, 17À18, 17f Cystic pituitary macroadenoma, 14, 14f, 44f, 45 D Dermoid cyst, 19À20, 19f Dexamethasone, 32 “Dural tail” 27À28 E Ectopic adenoma, 15À16, 16f Empty sella, 23À25, 23f, 24f, 41À42 partial, 25, 25f with sellar remodelling, 42f Epidermoid cysts, 19À20, 20f F Fat pad, visible, 41, 41f “Flow void” 33À34, 33f Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), 2 G Germinoma, 25, 26f Giant invasive prolactinoma, patient with, 12À13, 12f Gonadotropins, 2, 6 Granulomatosis, of Wegener, 37, 37f Growth hormone (GH), 2, 32 51 52 Index H Height of pituitary gland, 4À6 Hemochromatosis, 38, 38f, 39f Hemorrhage, 42À45 Hydrocortisone, 32 Hyperplasia, pituitary, 29À30, 29f Hypophysitis, lymphocytic, 34À35, 34f I Infarction (non-hemorrhagic), 45, 45f Infection, pituitary, 40, 41f Infiltrative disorders, 34À38 hemochromatosis, 38, 38f, 39f Langerhans cell histiocytosis, 35, 36f lymphocytic hypophysitis, 34À35, 34f neurosarcoidosis, 36, 36f Wegener’s granulomatosis, 37, 37f Internal carotid arteries, 2, 13, 25 T1-weighted coronal image without contrast, 5f Interpreting MR imaging, 1À6, 3f, 4f L Langerhans cell histiocytosis, 35, 36f Large invasive pituitary macroadenoma, 11, 12f Lipocytes, 19 Luteinizing hormone (LH), 2 Lymphocytic hypophysitis, 34À35, 34f M Macroadenoma, 7À9, 7f, 9f cystic pituitary, 14, 14f, 44f large invasive, 11, 12f large invasive, 11, 12f T1-weighted postcontrast coronal image, 9f with mild superior displacement on optic chiasm, 10À11, 11f with mild superior displacement on optic chiasm, 10À11, 11f with stalk deviation, 10f with stalk deviation, 9À10, 10f with stalk deviation, 9À10, 10f Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 1 Meningioma, 27À28, 28f Metastases, 39, 39f Microadenoma, 7, 7f, 9f N Nasal conchae, appearance of, 3 Neurosarcoidosis, 36, 36f Non-hemorrhagic pituitary infarction, 45, 45f Normal pituitary gland, 2, 2f, 4À6, 5f O Optic chiasm, 2, 8, 17, 25 pituitary macroadenoma with mild superior displacement on, 9f, 10À11, 11f T1-weighted coronal image without contrast, 5f T1-weighted sagittal image without contrast, 6f Outer table of the calvarium T1-weighted sagittal image without contrast, 6f Oxytocin, 2 P Partial empty sella, 25, 25f Pituicytoma, 21, 21f, 22f Pituitary adenoma, 7 atypical, 15, 15f ectopic, 15À16, 16f macroadenoma.